Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term broadly used to indicate medical conditions with the brain that affect motor function. While the three other types of cerebral palsy are diagnosed as having a focus on specific and common groupings of symptoms, mixed cerebral palsy occurs where the patient presents with a combination of symptoms known to spastic cerebral palsy, athetoid cerebral palsy, and ataxic cerebral palsy (although any combination of two types of cerebral palsy is enough to lead to a diagnosis of mixed cerebral palsy).
Causes of mixed cerebral palsy
There are two main causes of mixed cerebral palsy: brain injuries caused either in the womb, during birth, or after birth, or abnormal brain development. Where mixed cerebral palsy is caused by injury at any stage of pregnancy, birth, or following birth, medical negligence may be the reason. If you would like more information, see cerebral palsy lawyer Baltimore.
Factors that can lead to mixed cerebral palsy:
- Damage to certain locations of the brain
- Extent of the damage to the brain
- Infections in the womb
- Infections after birth
Symptoms and diagnosis of mixed cerebral palsy
Naturally, due to the “mixed” nature of the condition, symptoms can vary from child to child and an accurate diagnosis may take time. However, physicians will test for a number of common cerebral palsy symptoms that are also known to be prominent symptoms linked to mixed cerebral palsy.
Symptoms may include:
- Muscles that are loose or more tense than they should be in comparison to whether they are rest or in some sort of use, thus preventing accurate voluntary movements
- Issues with the control of the musculature in the face and mouth area, presenting as difficulties with speech and with eating/swallowing, and often causing drooling
- Issues relating to bladder and bowel, whereby the child reports experiencing ongoing unease linked to incontinence or constipation
- Impairments to the senses, such as visual impairment or hearing difficulties
- An inability to maintain a competent level of balance when standing or walking unaided
Although involuntary movements and stiff or weak muscles are common symptoms of all types of cerebral palsy, they are also worth mentioning as factors in diagnosing mixed cerebral palsy as the prevalence of these symptoms is often the starting point of most diagnoses.